Despite airborne microorganisms representing a relevant fraction of atmospheric suspended particles, only a small amount of information is currently available on their abundance and diversity and very few studies have investigated the environmental factors influencing the structure of airborne bacterial communities. In this work, we used quantitative PCR and Illumina technology to provide a thorough description of airborne bacterial communities in the urban area of Milan (Italy). Forty samples were collected in 10-day sampling sessions, with one sessionper season.Themeanbacterialabundancewasabout104 ribosomal operons perm3 of air andwas lower inwinter than in the other seasons. Communitieswere dominated by Actinobacteridae, Clostridiales, Sphingobacteriales and fewproteobacterial orders (Burkholderiales, Rhizobiales, Sphingomonadales andPseudomonadales).Chloroplastswere abundant in all samples. Ahigher abundanceof Actinobacteridae,which are typical soil-inhabiting bacteria, and a lower abundance of chloroplasts in samples collected on cold days were observed. The variation in community composition observed within seasons was comparable to that observed between seasons, thus suggesting that airborne bacterial communities showlarge temporal variability, even between consecutive days. The structure of airborne bacterial communities therefore suggests that soil and plants are the sources which contribute most to the airborne communities of Milan atmosphere, but the structure of the bacterial community seems to depend mainly on the source of bacteria that predominates in a given period of time.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Titolo:||Temporal variability and effect of environmental variables on airborne bacterial communities in an urban area of Northern Italy|
|Rivista:||APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-012-4450-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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