Abstract In order to verify whether pollution is increasing or decreasing, in 25 locations uniformly distributed in the central part of the Lagoon of Venice, a transitional environment suffering from man’s urban and industrial activities, the same sampling scheme was repeated three times (in 1987, 1993 and 1998) over a 12-year period during which the lagoonal environment underwent substantial changes. Superficial sediments were sampled and analysed for heavy metals and total organic carbon contents, grain size and density. In general heavy metal contents were found to be correlated, with concentrations above the background level, e.g., for Hg, a concentration factor of 24 was observed in 1987. A temporal decrease in concentrations was observed for most of the metals. Detailed analysis on a smaller spatial scale showed that contamination significantly decreases from the inner border of the lagoon seawards, as highlighted in contour maps. The role of the Porto Marghera industrial zone as a source of pollutants at the border of the Lagoon was confirmed. The decrease in contamination could not be attributed only to a decrease in the intensity of sources, but also to erosion processes, worsened by intensive harvesting of clams with hydraulic dredges. 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Titolo:||The changing state of contamination in the lagoon of Venice. Part 2: Heavy metals|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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