The Security Process Algebra (SPA) is a CCS-like specification languag e where actions belong to two different levels of confidentiality. It has been used to define several noninterference-like security properties whose verification has been automated by the tool CoSeC. In recent years, a method for analyzing security protocols using SPA and CoSeC has been developed. Even if it has been useful in analyzing small security protocols, this method has shown to be error-prone, as it requires the protocol description and its environment to be written by hand. This problem has been solved by defining a protocol specification language more abstract than SPA, called VSP, and a compiler CVS that automatically generates the SPA specification for a given protocol described in VSP. The VSP/CVS technology is very powerful, and its usefulness is shown with some case studies: the Woo-Lam one-way authentication protocol, for which a new attack to authentication is found, and the Wide Mouthed Frog protocol, where different kinds of attack are detected and analyzed.
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