Bismuth film electrodes (BiFEs) prepared ex-situ with and without complexing bromide ions in the modification solution were investigated using scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). A feedback mode of the SECM was employed to examine the conductivity and reactivity of a series of thin bismuth films deposited onto disk glassy carbon substrate electrodes (GCEs) of 3 mm in diameter. A platinum micro-electrode ( = 25 m) was used as the SECM tip, and current against tip/substrate distance was recorded in solutions containing either Ru(NH3)63+ or Fe(CN)64- species as redox mediators. With both redox mediators positive feedback approach curves were recorded, which indicated that the bismuth film deposition protocol associated with the addition of bromide ions in the modification solution did not compromise the conductivity of the bismuth film in comparison with that prepared without bromide. However, at the former Bi film a slight kinetic hindering was observed in recycling Ru(NH3)63+, suggesting a different surface potential. On the other hand, the approach curves recorded by using Fe(CN)64- showed that both types of the aforementioned bismuth films exhibited local reactivity with the oxidised form of the redox mediator, and that bismuth film obtained with bromide ions exhibited slightly lower reactivity. The use of SECM in the scanning operation mode allowed us to ascertain that the bismuth deposits were uniformly distributed across the whole surface of the glassy carbon substrate electrode. Comparative AFM measurements corroborated the above findings and additionally revealed a denser growth of smaller bismuth crystals over the surface of the substrate electrode in the presence of bromide ions, while the crystals were bigger but sparser in the absence of bromide ions in the modification solution.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Titolo:||Reactivity at the film/solution interface of ex-situ prepared bismuth film electrodes: A scanning electrochemical Microscopy (SECM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) investigation.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2007.07.035|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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