Erythrocyte senescence is characterized by exposure of cell surface epitopes on cell membrane proteins leading to immune mediated removal of red blood cells. One mechanism for antigen formation is tyrosine phosphorylation (Tyr-P) of the transmembrane protein band 3 by Syk kinase. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that proteolytic activation of Syk kinase by conversion from 72 kDa (p72Syk) to the 36 kDa (p36Syk) isoform enhances its phosphorylating activity independently of the association of Syk kinase with the cytoskeleton. Tyr-P assay was conducted using quantification of 32P uptake into the cytoplasmic domain of band 3 after addition of p72Syk or p36Syk. Effect of prephosphorylation of erythrocyte membrane band 3 protein by p36Syk on p72Syk-mediated phosphorylation and the effect of addition of a protease inhibitor (leupeptin) on p72Syk-mediated phosphorylation were studied by autoradiographic visualization of 32P uptake. Tyr-P by Syk isoforms of membrane skeletal and soluble fractions of band 3 was visualized by immunoblotting. It was found that p36Syk had a higher band 3 tyrosine phosphorylating activity compared with p72Syk. Pre-phosphorylation with p36Syk or p72Syk increased band 3 phosphorylating activity. Protease inhibition treatment reduced p72Syk but not p36Syk band 3 tyrosine phosphorylating activity significantly. Both soluble and membrane skeletal fractions of band 3 protein were equally tyrosine phosphorylated by each Syk isoform. In conclusion, we confirmed the hypothesis that proteolytic cleavage of p72Syk is an important regulatory step for band 3 Tyr-P and its independence of the association of band 3 with the cytoskeleton.

REGULATION OF MEMBRANE BAND 3 TYR-PHOSPHORYLATION BY PROTEOLYSIS OF P72 AND POSSIBLE INVOLVEMENT IN SENESCENCE PROCESS

BRAGADIN, Marcantonio;
2009-01-01

Abstract

Erythrocyte senescence is characterized by exposure of cell surface epitopes on cell membrane proteins leading to immune mediated removal of red blood cells. One mechanism for antigen formation is tyrosine phosphorylation (Tyr-P) of the transmembrane protein band 3 by Syk kinase. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that proteolytic activation of Syk kinase by conversion from 72 kDa (p72Syk) to the 36 kDa (p36Syk) isoform enhances its phosphorylating activity independently of the association of Syk kinase with the cytoskeleton. Tyr-P assay was conducted using quantification of 32P uptake into the cytoplasmic domain of band 3 after addition of p72Syk or p36Syk. Effect of prephosphorylation of erythrocyte membrane band 3 protein by p36Syk on p72Syk-mediated phosphorylation and the effect of addition of a protease inhibitor (leupeptin) on p72Syk-mediated phosphorylation were studied by autoradiographic visualization of 32P uptake. Tyr-P by Syk isoforms of membrane skeletal and soluble fractions of band 3 was visualized by immunoblotting. It was found that p36Syk had a higher band 3 tyrosine phosphorylating activity compared with p72Syk. Pre-phosphorylation with p36Syk or p72Syk increased band 3 phosphorylating activity. Protease inhibition treatment reduced p72Syk but not p36Syk band 3 tyrosine phosphorylating activity significantly. Both soluble and membrane skeletal fractions of band 3 protein were equally tyrosine phosphorylated by each Syk isoform. In conclusion, we confirmed the hypothesis that proteolytic cleavage of p72Syk is an important regulatory step for band 3 Tyr-P and its independence of the association of band 3 with the cytoskeleton.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin_2009_3Tyr.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso gratuito (solo visione)
Dimensione 134.96 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
134.96 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in ARCA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/31351
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 16
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact