The formation of metallacyclopentadienyl derivatives was studied under controlled conditions, and the kinetics and mechanism of reactions between pyridylthioether olefin Pd(0) substrates and substituted alkynes of the type ZCtCZ (Z ) COOMe, COOEt, COOt- Bu) leading to the corresponding palladacyclopentadienyl species were systematically investigated. In the case of less hindered ancillary ligands the attack of the alkyne forming a reactive monoalkyne intermediate was found to be the rate-determining step. In this respect the rates of reaction were discussed in terms of the substituent-induced basicity of sulfur and nitrogen of the ancillary ligands. The associative nature of the attack was unequivocally established, and the formation of a transition state bearing a monodentate ancillary ligand was proposed. In the case of more hindered ancillary ligands a partially stabilized monoalkyne intermediate is formed irrespective of the olefin in the starting complex, and this species strongly influences the reaction progress. Formation of hexamethylmellitate under mild conditions is also observed.

Attack of Substituted Alkynes on Olefin Palladium(0) Derivatives of Pyridylthioethers. The First Kinetic Study on the Mechanism of Formation of Palladacyclopentadiene Complexes

CANOVESE, Luciano;VISENTIN, Fabiano;CHESSA, Gavino;
2005

Abstract

The formation of metallacyclopentadienyl derivatives was studied under controlled conditions, and the kinetics and mechanism of reactions between pyridylthioether olefin Pd(0) substrates and substituted alkynes of the type ZCtCZ (Z ) COOMe, COOEt, COOt- Bu) leading to the corresponding palladacyclopentadienyl species were systematically investigated. In the case of less hindered ancillary ligands the attack of the alkyne forming a reactive monoalkyne intermediate was found to be the rate-determining step. In this respect the rates of reaction were discussed in terms of the substituent-induced basicity of sulfur and nitrogen of the ancillary ligands. The associative nature of the attack was unequivocally established, and the formation of a transition state bearing a monodentate ancillary ligand was proposed. In the case of more hindered ancillary ligands a partially stabilized monoalkyne intermediate is formed irrespective of the olefin in the starting complex, and this species strongly influences the reaction progress. Formation of hexamethylmellitate under mild conditions is also observed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/28045
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