The use of 2-butyl-hexahydropyrrolo[1,2-b][1,2]oxazole (BPOX) as a corrosion inhibitor of mild steel (MS) – with a polished or a pre-corroded (for 2 h) surface – was tested in 0.5 M aerated hydrochloric acid in the 30–60 °C temperature range. Its inhibition effectiveness (IE) was assessed after short (2 h) and longer (48 h) immersion time tests, through potentiodynamic, EIS and weight loss (WL) measurements. At low immersion times (2 h) the potentiodynamic tests indicated that BPOX inhibited corrosion reaction of the polished MS surface at all temperatures, acting as a mixed-type inhibitor and reaching, in many experimental conditions, inhibitor efficiency values gp > 95%. This behavior was confirmed by the EIS results, with the exception of those obtained at 40 °C, where the gEIS did not decrease dramatically, ranging between 55% and 81%. These results were not confirmed by the WL experiments carried out on precorroded MS specimens at longer immersion time (48 h): BPOX did not act as an inhibitor until 30 °C, and in the 40–60 °C the gWL reached a maximum at 40 °C and 5 x 10-3 M (gWL > 95%), then decreasing but not so dramatically until 60 °C. Starting from these results, it was demonstrated that after 48 h the adsorption mechanism visibly changed between 30 and 40°C. Moreover, 40 °C is the optimum temperature for the inhibitive BPOX action by means of potentiodynamic test carried out after 48 h. The MS potential of zero charge (EZC) in 5 x 10-3 M BPOX at 40 °C was found to be _530 mVSCE: it was demonstrated that the presence of Cl_ in acidic medium promoted the BPOX corrosion inhibition of the positively charged MS surface. Potentiodynamic experiments carried out in the 10-3 M BPOX presence (40 °C) showed that gp value obtained in 0.5 M HCl (gp = 94% after 24 h) was even passed in 0.5 M H2SO4 + 0.5 M NaCl (gp => 95%). The negative DG°ads values calculated (approximately -30 to -34 kJ/mol), lower than -20 kJ/mol but not as low as -40 kJ/mol, indicated the stability of the adsorbed layer and that the BPOX adsorption mechanism was more than a physisorption, but not a true chemisorption.

Corrosion inhibition of the mild steel in 0.5 M HCl by 2-butyl-hexahydropyrrolo[1,2-b][1,2]oxazole

MORETTI, Giuseppe;GUIDI, Francesca;FABRIS, Fabrizio
2013-01-01

Abstract

The use of 2-butyl-hexahydropyrrolo[1,2-b][1,2]oxazole (BPOX) as a corrosion inhibitor of mild steel (MS) – with a polished or a pre-corroded (for 2 h) surface – was tested in 0.5 M aerated hydrochloric acid in the 30–60 °C temperature range. Its inhibition effectiveness (IE) was assessed after short (2 h) and longer (48 h) immersion time tests, through potentiodynamic, EIS and weight loss (WL) measurements. At low immersion times (2 h) the potentiodynamic tests indicated that BPOX inhibited corrosion reaction of the polished MS surface at all temperatures, acting as a mixed-type inhibitor and reaching, in many experimental conditions, inhibitor efficiency values gp > 95%. This behavior was confirmed by the EIS results, with the exception of those obtained at 40 °C, where the gEIS did not decrease dramatically, ranging between 55% and 81%. These results were not confirmed by the WL experiments carried out on precorroded MS specimens at longer immersion time (48 h): BPOX did not act as an inhibitor until 30 °C, and in the 40–60 °C the gWL reached a maximum at 40 °C and 5 x 10-3 M (gWL > 95%), then decreasing but not so dramatically until 60 °C. Starting from these results, it was demonstrated that after 48 h the adsorption mechanism visibly changed between 30 and 40°C. Moreover, 40 °C is the optimum temperature for the inhibitive BPOX action by means of potentiodynamic test carried out after 48 h. The MS potential of zero charge (EZC) in 5 x 10-3 M BPOX at 40 °C was found to be _530 mVSCE: it was demonstrated that the presence of Cl_ in acidic medium promoted the BPOX corrosion inhibition of the positively charged MS surface. Potentiodynamic experiments carried out in the 10-3 M BPOX presence (40 °C) showed that gp value obtained in 0.5 M HCl (gp = 94% after 24 h) was even passed in 0.5 M H2SO4 + 0.5 M NaCl (gp => 95%). The negative DG°ads values calculated (approximately -30 to -34 kJ/mol), lower than -20 kJ/mol but not as low as -40 kJ/mol, indicated the stability of the adsorbed layer and that the BPOX adsorption mechanism was more than a physisorption, but not a true chemisorption.
2013
76
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/24321
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