This paper aims at comparing inedited maps of macrophytes and phytoplankton distribution in the lagoon of Venice in 1980 and 2003. The macrophyte distribution is displayed with reference to different biomass intervals which allow the calculation of the occupied surface, standing crop (SC), net (NPP) and gross (GPP) production. In 1980 the total macroalgal SC was ca. 841 ktonnes whereas the annual NPP and GPP were estimated to be ca. 2912 and 18498 ktonnes, respectively. In 2003 macroalgae displayed a marked regression and the SC, NPP and GPP decreased to ca. 89, 471 and 2336 ktonnes. Maps of the seagrass distribution date back to 1990 but their biomass and production have been quantified only in 2003. On the whole, in 2003, on a surface of ca. 56 km2 the three species living in the lagoon accounted for a SC and a NPP of ca. 209 and 821 ktonnes, whereas the GPP estimated according to literature was about twice as high as the NPP. Cymodocea nodosa was the most abundant phanerogam in the lagoon. Its SC was higher than the total of the macroalgae, although the latter were more productive. Zostera marina covered the highest surface in the lagoon but its biomass and production were a little lower than that of C. nodosa. Nanozostera noltii, which was common and widespread in the past, displayed an evident regression trend which was mainly due to the increase of the water turbidity and the disruptions of its habitat. Similarly, phytoplankton, underwent a descending trend, although data quoted in the present paper display its distribution only in the summer period.

DISTRIBUTION AND PRODUCTION OF MACROPHYTES IN THE LAGOON OF VENICE. COMPARISON OF ACTUAL AND PAST ABUNDANCE.

SFRISO, Adriano;FACCA, Chiara
2007-01-01

Abstract

This paper aims at comparing inedited maps of macrophytes and phytoplankton distribution in the lagoon of Venice in 1980 and 2003. The macrophyte distribution is displayed with reference to different biomass intervals which allow the calculation of the occupied surface, standing crop (SC), net (NPP) and gross (GPP) production. In 1980 the total macroalgal SC was ca. 841 ktonnes whereas the annual NPP and GPP were estimated to be ca. 2912 and 18498 ktonnes, respectively. In 2003 macroalgae displayed a marked regression and the SC, NPP and GPP decreased to ca. 89, 471 and 2336 ktonnes. Maps of the seagrass distribution date back to 1990 but their biomass and production have been quantified only in 2003. On the whole, in 2003, on a surface of ca. 56 km2 the three species living in the lagoon accounted for a SC and a NPP of ca. 209 and 821 ktonnes, whereas the GPP estimated according to literature was about twice as high as the NPP. Cymodocea nodosa was the most abundant phanerogam in the lagoon. Its SC was higher than the total of the macroalgae, although the latter were more productive. Zostera marina covered the highest surface in the lagoon but its biomass and production were a little lower than that of C. nodosa. Nanozostera noltii, which was common and widespread in the past, displayed an evident regression trend which was mainly due to the increase of the water turbidity and the disruptions of its habitat. Similarly, phytoplankton, underwent a descending trend, although data quoted in the present paper display its distribution only in the summer period.
2007
577
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/18522
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