After the collapse of the shōgun’s régime, Japan from the beginning of the Meiji Restoration (1868) had to cope with many tasks in order to carry out a process of modernization of the Country. One of the most demanding reform was the implementation of a new, and centralized, education system, within which the teaching of a standardized “national” language was one of the pillars of the new school organization. The need to pave the way to the development of a common medium of communication, shared on a national basis, inspired dialectological research, the production of new textbooks, a national language planning that meant, in some cases, discrimination against minority languages and dialects. Through a “trials and errors” process, between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, Japan succeeded in the creation of a “national language” ideology, and in developing a new school system that gained one the highest school attendance ratio in the world.

"L'insegnamento della 'lingua nazionale' e il sistema educativo nel Giappone Meiji (1868-1912). Ideologia e formazione dell'identità nazionale"

CALVETTI, Paolo
2014

Abstract

After the collapse of the shōgun’s régime, Japan from the beginning of the Meiji Restoration (1868) had to cope with many tasks in order to carry out a process of modernization of the Country. One of the most demanding reform was the implementation of a new, and centralized, education system, within which the teaching of a standardized “national” language was one of the pillars of the new school organization. The need to pave the way to the development of a common medium of communication, shared on a national basis, inspired dialectological research, the production of new textbooks, a national language planning that meant, in some cases, discrimination against minority languages and dialects. Through a “trials and errors” process, between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, Japan succeeded in the creation of a “national language” ideology, and in developing a new school system that gained one the highest school attendance ratio in the world.
L'educazione nella società asiatica. Education in Asian societies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/42123
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