This volume offers a novel perspective in the syntax of articles in European languages arguing that articles do not directly and biunivocally realize semantic definiteness. The first two chapters provide an accessible introduction to the latest developments of generative syntax, namely the cartographic and minimalist approaches, by focusing on the “imperfect” parallels between clauses and nominal expressions. The third chapter argues that feature sharing is not the result of a unique syntactic process but rather the consequence of Merge: external Merge, which is triggered by Selection and Modification, and internal Merge, which is due to the recursive nature of language. It argues for three different ways of transferring features: Agreement allows for an argument (an independent phase, selected by a head) to reenter the computation as part of the predicate of the new phase. It targets Person features and is not involved in the feature sharing triggered by modification. Concord copies the features of N (notably gender, number and case, where this is present) and is the result of Modification and can coexist with Agreement. Finally, Projection is triggered by multiple internal merger of the head, bundled with all its interpretable and uninterpretable features, which may be realized in different segments. Chapter 4 focuses on the nature of determiners such as articles, demonstratives, quantifiers, possessive adjectives and pronouns, personal pronouns and proper names, and shows that only articles have the properties to be attributed to “functional heads” because they are a segment of a scattered nominal head. The rest of the volume is devoted to analyse syntactic phenomena, such as double definiteness, expletive articles, and weak and strong adjectival inflection, by means of the proposal that (scattered) nominal or adjectival heads concord with their modifiers. This proposal reinterprets head movement in a fashion that makes it compatible with minimalist requirements, provides an explanation for apparent optionality of head movement, eliminates the typology of head movements by adjunction or substitution, and gives an original answer to the doubts raised about the legitimacy of the very notion of “functional category”.
|Titolo:||Nominal Syntax at the interfaces. A comparative study of languages with articles|
|Autori interni:||GIUSTI, Giuliana|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.01 Monografia o trattato scientifico|
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